I recently talked to Cheltenham Sceptics in the Pub – which was a great evening, with some livelydiscussion.
Now, I’ve blogged about happiness before – but I had some thoughts as a result of this talk… One of the great concerns I’ve had about all this movement for ‘Happiness’ is that it seems to evade the issue of whether we deserve to be happy – about the primary connection between Virtue and Happiness. If we stop caring about others – just pleasing ourselves – we can be quite cheery can’t we? The example I use in the book is the guy at the end of the Woody Allen movie Crimes and Misdemeanours – he seems content, happy and to have got over his murderous acts by forgetting about them..
I was looking again at the Action for Happiness web-site again – and spotted something interesting. There is a real focus on addressing this very critique. That seems like a good thing.. Look:
Creating a happier society for everyone. That sounds much more like it, doesn’t it?
Sure. Why not?
But what does this happiness consist of? Being less rude to other drivers? Giving biscuits to my students? Working to alleviate material poverty and establish a more equitable society? I clicked the ‘Read More’ link. I then read this:
Members of the movement make a simple pledge: to try to create more happiness in the world around them through the way they approach their lives. We provide practical ideas to enable people to take action in different areas of their lives – at home, at work or in the community. We hope many of our members will form local groups to take action together.
We have no religious, political or commercial affiliations and welcome people of all faiths (or none) and all parts of society. We were founded in 2010 by three influential figures who are passionate about creating a happier society: Richard Layard, Geoff Mulgan and Anthony Seldon.
What lept out at me here was the section that said ‘We have no religious, political or commercial affiliations‘. Does that mean Action for Happiness has no political position? If we are going to spread happiness by more than charity donation, by holding open doors and being less of a curmudgeon – being overtly political, alleviating income and health inequality, establishing less Patriarchal relations between genders, fighting racism and ending privilege seem quite important too. There is some thing oddly apolitical about the claims of the Happiness Movement, faintly neo-liberal or post-ideological too.
At their guidance, there are some claims about neuroscience that I’m not qualified to judge (“Altruistic behaviour releases endorphins in the brain and boosts happiness for us as well as the people we help.”), but these ways of helping – while undoubtedly noble and virtuous – seem like rather thin responses to a world riven by material poverty. Shouldn’t I not only show my care for others by, as well as volunteering, helping my neighbours and the things in the poster below, also getting my hands dirty in the real work of happiness: and that work is called politics.
3 thoughts on “Happiness and The Welfare of Others”
The neuroscience claims are probably exaggerated. They say this one page one:
“Research shows that happiness, compassion and kindness are the products of skills that can be learned and enhanced through training, thanks to the neuroplasticity of our brains.”
And they say this when you click through.
“Our generosity is hard-wired to the reward mechanisms in our brains. When we give our time, energy and kindness to others it not only helps them, it’s also great for our wellbeing too.”
Which seems to be saying we can learn to be compassionate because our brains can change AND our brains are predisposed towards helping others. One or other claim would be more sensible.
The link below suggsts that giving makes us feel good http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/is_kindness_really_its_own_reward – which is good, but if “being good makes us feel good”, why do people behave like such shits? Does being greedy, selfish and cruel feel bad – and we do it only from fear? OR maybe reward in the brain is quite complex…
Interestingly, this study: http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/05/20/0956797612469537.abstract seems to suggest that we need to train our brains to associate reward with altruism…
And.. http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/newsdesk/2012/12/what-neuroscience-really-teaches-us-and-what-it-doesnt.html – some scepticism about simplistic claims regarding neuroscience..